Northeast India is the easternmost region of India comprising of eight states – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura. The region shares an international border with several neighbouring countries – Tibet Autonomous Region, China, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan.

The land of charismatic beauty, of ruddy mountains and beguiling picturesque charm, of glistening streams and pristine valleys, of the dense green forests and revelling bounteous nature, North- East also known as Seven Sister States teeters on the farthest brink of the country.

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More About North India

History

The earliest settlers in North East India may have been Austroasiatic languages and Tibeto-Burman languages speakers from Southeast Asia, followed by Tibeto-Burmese from China and by 500 B.C. The northeastern states were established during the British Raj of the 19th and early 20th centuries. The Seven Sister States is a popular term for the contiguous states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura prior to inclusion of the state of Sikkim into the North Eastern Region of India.

 

Languages

Northeast India has over 220 ethnic groups and equal number of dialects in which Bodo form the largest indigenous ethnic group.

Northeast India constitutes a single linguistic region within the Indian national context, with about 220 languages in multiple language families that share a number of features that set them apart from most other areas of the Indian subcontinent. Some of the dominant languages are Assamese, Nagamese, Bodo, Deori, Khasi, Meitei while Nepali is dominant in Sikkim.

Culture and Clothing

People of North East have a strong affinity to their race, ethnicity & have strong inclination for preservation of the same.In the rural areas, where people reside in their particular ethnic group, there are stringent rules, customs and traditions to be followed & flouting them is taken very seriously.As the people belong to the lesser developed part of the country, their basic culture & beliefs are intact & there is less proliferation of modernity in their values. They have rich cultural heritage bonds which give them a sense of exclusivity & belongingness.

With an array of tribes and communities to flaunt, the region of North- East is culturally very rich and is known for its distinct and traditional lifestyle. Every tribal group boasts of an individual culture in terms of art, music, folk-dances, handicrafts, food and fabric cultivation. The vibrant and vivacious culture of the area is visible in the traditional attires, the delicious cuisines and indigenous crafts. Two of the dance forms from Assam and Manipur called Sattriya and Manipuri dance respectively have been declared as the classical dance forms of the country. People of these states have different traditional dresses and costumes, which only can be explored during the fair and festival season.

The traditional costume of Garo women in Meghalaya consists of Jainsen, which is an unstitched garment woven from mulberry silk and wrapped around the body. The other states of North East have varied clothing pertaining to their respective tribes.

North-East Indian Cuisine represents an exotic blend of mouth watering dishes with regional differences and foreign influence. The cuisine is more inclined towards non vegetarian.

Religions

While the great majority of Tripurans are Hindus and most Assamese are Hindus or Muslims, Mizoram, Meghalaya and Nagaland are overwhelmingly Christian, Manipur is almost equally divided between Hindus and Christians, and Arunachal Pradesh has a very slight plurality of Christians, with Hindus in nearly equal numbers and the indigenous Donyi-Polo religion, which combines shamanism and Animism, close behind. There is also a Buddhist presence, especially in places like Tawang that are close to the borders of Tibet and Bhutan.

Climate

Northeast India has a subtropical climate that is influenced by its relief and influences from the southwest and northeast monsoons.The Himalayas to the north, the Meghalaya plateau to the south and the hills of Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur to the east influences the climate. It is the rainiest region in the country, Temperatures are moderate in the Brahmaputra and Barak valley river plains which decreases with altitude in the hilly areas. At the highest altitudes, there is permanent snow cover.

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